About district

Gulbarga district is on of the three districts that were transferred from Hyderabad State to Karnataka state at the time of re-organization of the state in 1956. The district is one among the 29 districts of Karnataka State. It is located in the Northern part of the state and lies between North latitude 17 10 and 17 45 and between east longitude 76 10 and 77 45 The Distrrict is a biggest district in the state covering 8.49% of the area and 5.9 present of population of the state. It is bounded on the west by Bijapur district of Karnataka and Sholapur district of Maharashtra, on the west by Bijapur district of Andhra Pradesh, on the north by Bidar district of and Osmanabad district of Maharashtra and on the south by Richur district of Karnataka. They are Afzalpur, Aland, Chincholli, Chittapur, Gulbarga, Jewargi, Sedam, Shahapur, Shorapur and Yadgir.

A Brief History

The District was under the rule of Nijam s of Hyderabad before independence. The district has a rich background of knowledge and culture. The existence of university at Nagai in Chitapur, Vignaneeshwaras Mitakshara, Nrupatungas Kavirajmarg and the religious and social revolution led by Shivsharanas and the Sufi saint Banda Nawaz are all evidence of it. However, due to erratic rainfall and continuous occurrence of droughts in the 19th century the life of the people was never smooth and secure. Further during the Nizams period, the district could not develop due to the negligence and inefficient administration. The distance was also a factor contributing to it. Thus it was one of the most backward districts when it joined the old Mysore State (Fact Finding Committee 1954). This position has not changed even after five decades.

Socio Economic Background

In recent years a High Power Committee was constituted by the govt. of Karnataka to look into the problem of regional imbalances in the state. The Committee (popularly known as Nanjundappa Committee) submitted its report in 2002. The committee, on the basis of various socio-economic indicators assessed the development of 175 talukas in the state. The Committee has identified nine talukas among the ten talukas in Gulbarga district as the most backward talukas.

Table - 1

Most Backward Talukas of Gulbarga District in Karnataka State

Taluka

Rank in State

Index

Sedam

155

0.72

Chittapur

165

0.65

Afzalpur

170

0.62

Aland

172

0.61

Chincholi

173

0.57

Jewargi

174

0.57

Source: Report of the High Power Committee for Redressal of Regional Imbalance in Karnataka, Govt. of Karnataka Bangalore 2002

Position of the District in Human Development.

Karnataka State has published Human development Report in 1999 based on 1991 date for the then 20 district in the state. The progress in human Development was brought out through another report published in 2005 for 27 districts in the state today based on 2001 Data. The position of the district along with the other district in Hyderabad Karnataka Region is indicated in the following table. The district in both the reports is at the bottom level.

Table - 2

Human Development and Gender Development in Gulbarga District and HK region

Districts

HDI 1991

Rank

HDI 2001

Rank

GDI 1991

Rank

GDI 2001

Rank

Bellary

0.512

18

.617

18

0.499

17

0.606

17

Bidar

0.496

23

0.599

21

0.477

23

0.572

22

Gulbarga

0.453

25

0.564

26

0.432

25

0.543

26

Raichur

0.443

27

0.547

27

0.422

27

0.530

27

State

0.541

-

0.650

-

0.525

-

0.637

-

Source: Human Development Report 2005 Govt. of Karnataka.

The position of the district has come down from 25th to 26th in the State. This is because of slow progress in the field of Education and fall in Income index.

Table - 3

Various Indices of human Development for Gulbarga District

Year

Health Index

Rank

Education Index

Rank

Income Index

Rank

1991

0.575

23

0.432

25

0.352

24

State

0.618

-

0.602

-

0.402

-

2001

0.632

20

0.572

25

0.490

25

State

0.680

-

0.712

-

0.559

-

Source: Human Development Report 2005 Govt. of Karnataka.

Thus the position of the district has not improved significantly over the years. The gap between the State and the district is reduced by only a margin of 0.2 (From 0.88 to 0.86)

Geographical Traits:

The district has total area of 16174 Sq. Kms. This constitutes 5.93% of the area of the state. The region is characterized by black cotton soil, expanses of flat treeless surface, a range of hills covering a surface of about 60 miles and same lower belts following the main rivers. The district is devoid of forest except in the hilly portion of Aland and Chincholi. The area under forest is 4.2% of the total area.

Table - 4

1. GENERAL PARTICULARS

Sl.No

Taluks

Hoblies

Grama Panchayaths

Inha bitted

Un- Inha bitted

Towns/ Urban Agglomeration

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1

Afzalpur

3

22

89

4

0

2

Aland

5

39

135

1

1

3

Chincholli

4

32

137

11

0

4

Chittapur

5

35

122

3

5

5

Gulbarga

6

36

136

4

1

6

Jewargi

5

33

145

14

0

7

Sedam

4

23

109

8

3

 

TOTAL

32

220

873

45

10

Table - 4A

Muncipa lities

Hamlets

I.P. Sets

8

9

10

1

93

9251

1

75

11567

1

125

1800

2

68

2358

1

29

7599

1

36

2644

1

34

1840

8

460

37059

 

Table - 4B

Electricity Consumers (No)
House Consumption Industries Consumption Commercial Consumption I.P. Sets Street Lights
11 12 13 14 15
28866 765 2410 9251 371
47185 974 3840 11567 526
27899 1024 2025 1800 298
31213 1423 4263 2358 350
122987 3175 19323 7599 1655
18239 849 2258 2649 308
27740 693 2563 1577 205
304129 8903 36682 36801 3713

Table - 4C

Electricity Consumption (in lakhs of Units) Income from Electricity Consumption (in lakhs of Rs.)
 House Consumption  Industries Consumption Commercial I.P. Sets Others   Total
Consumption
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
48.9 13.7 9.2 55.3 21.2 148.3 439.5
71.4 15.9 8.1 92.2 29.9 217.5 572.8
112.3 45.9 6.8 191.1 34.5 390.7 403.9
99.2 62.6 26.1 51.7 35.2 274.8 181.1
805.1 159.5 158.7 66.5 307.2 1497 5949.7
76.8 16.5 8 142.9 17.4 261.6 268.4
56.2 15.2 8.6 80.7 757 917.7 4508.2
1269.9 329.3 225.5 680.4 1202.4 3707.6 12323.6

 

Table - 4 D

  Ration Card Holders Cinema Theaters   Police Station
 
No. of 
  Urban Rural Total  Permanent Temporary General Railway Out    Total
Fair Price shops till the end of 31-3-06 A.A.Y.   B.P.L   A.P.L A.A.Y.   B.P.L   A.P.L Post
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
97 6968 20111 7973 709 3089 1148 39998 .. 1 3 .. 2 5
148 10627 35044 10013 1052 3897 5412 66045 .. 1 4 .. 1 5
99 8277 24991 5022 711 1851 923 41775 .. 1 5 .. 1 6
144 8690 28327 9790 1200 3392 2287 53686 3 .. 5 1 3 9
270 10217 31910 5938 5747 33526 117518 204856 6 .. 15 1 2 17
132 10335 26608 3824 718 2666 1507 45658 .. 1 3 .. 1 4
82 6065 19857 6356 966 3824 3092 40160 3 .. 4 .. 1 5
972 61179 186848 48916 11103 52245 131887 492178 12 4 39 2 11 51

The district is a draught prone area. The average rainfall is 777 mm. and the normal rainy days are 46 in a year. The climate is very hot during the summer which effects adversely on the work capacity of the people. The temperature ranges between 42 centigrade in summer to 26 in winter. The period from December to May is the driest part of the year. .

Table - 5

Land use Classification: (Unit: Area in Hectares)

Taluka Area under Forest Land Not available for cultivation Cultivable waste Uncultivated land excluding fallow land Fallow land
    Land put to non agri.uses Barren & uncultivable land Pmt. Pastures & other grazing land` Mics. Tree cropes, groves Current fallows Other fallow land
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Afzalpur 78 5819 2395 458 1322 4 15083  
Aland 2854 3465 3142 974 3469 55 28504 2600
Chincholi 19622 3006 13003 2723 6516 857 8703 700
Chittapur 6150 9368 3689 4530 674 21 25591 1480
Gulbarga 4121 8150 4223 78 4322 39 24237 300
Jewargi 310 8317 1838 294 6486 60 3761 230
Sedam 2181 3295 6823 360 3066 50 3345 1475
TOTAL 35316 41420 35113 9417 25855 1086 109224 6785

Table - 5 A

Rain fall of Gulbarga District for last 5 years (2002 To 2006)

Year  Total
2002 525.99
2003 504.14
2004 578.64
2005 790.12
2006 508.6

1.4. Basic Infrastructure.

The district also lacks adequate infrastructure which is one of the basic cause of long economic stagnation in the district. The total length of surface roads is only 28.26 kms. The length of village roads is 3678.75 kms. A large part of these roads are closed during rainy season. The total length of railway line is 225 kms. The district headquarter lies on the main National Network. But the internal network availability is very low. Only 5 talukas Afzalpur, Chittapur, Gulbarga, Sedam and Yadgir are connected by a railway line.

Table - 6

Infrastructure

Taluka State Major District Roads Other District Village Railway Route Length
     
Highways Roads Roads
Afzalpur 101.1 141.48 ---- 602.4 31
Aland 185.1 182.5 ---- 703.2 ---
Chincholi 131.6 112 ---- 582.85 ---
Chittapur 56.3 272.2 ---- 693.35 66
Gulbarga 112.3 48.85 0 648.79 38
Jewargi 36.35 239.1 ---- 1045.7  
Sedam 95.6 117 0 381.45 32
TOTAL 718.35 1113.13 0 4657.74 167

Table - 7

Area Irrigated through various sources

Taluka Canals Tanks Wells Borewells Lift Irrigation Other Sources Total
Afzalpur   67 8891 970 60 1653 11641
Aland -- 165 6045   247 177 7297
Chincholi 1529 324 544 799 --- 158 3354
Chittapur -- -- 538 265 --- 518 1321
Gulbarga 77 45 3112 202 --- --- 3436
Jewargi 16859 -- 6000 330 --- 592 23781
Sedam -- 480 1215 179 --- 293 2167
Total 18465 1081 26345 2745 307 3391 52997

Table - 8

Rural Electrification

Taluka TotalVillages Villageselectrified IPSets
Afzalpur 89 93 9251
Aland 135 75 11567
Chincholi 137 125 1800
Chittapur 122 68 2358
Gulbarga 136 29 7599
Jewargi 145 36 2644
Sedam 109 34 1840
TOTAL 873 460 37059

1.5. Educational Infrastructure.

The district has following infrastructure for provision of Education.
Primary School 2800
High School 500
Junior College 132
General Colleges; 26

Medical Colleges 
(Including ISM)

06
Polytechnic Colleges 08
Engineering Colleges 04

1.6. Demographic Trends

Gulbarga District is experiencing rapid growth of population since 1951. The decimal growth rate has increased from 14.5 percent to 15.3 percent between 1951 61 to 24.2 percent between 1981 to 1991 and has slightly come down to 21 percent between 1999 2001. The population of the district as per 2001 census is 31,30,922 of which male population if 15,92,789 and female population is 15,38,133. The sex ratio is 966 per 1000 male persons. This is slightly above the state average of 965 and well above the national average of 933.72% of the population lives in rural areas. The population is spread over the geographical area and the density of population is 192 per sq.km.

Table - 9

Population trends during the 20th century Decadal variation

1901 883062 --
1911 964468 9.22
1921 887875 -7.94
1931 990505 11.56
1941 1059716 6.99
1951 1213608 14.5
1961 1399457 15.31
1971 1739220 24.2
1981 2080643 19.6
1991 2582169 24.1
2001 3130922 21.4

Source census of India District census Hand book Gulbarga District 1961-2001.

Table - 10

Demographic Characteristics - 2001

Taluka Area Total Population Male Female Rural Urban
Afzalpur 1305 180071 92538 87533 160736 19335
Aland 1735 297136 152233 144903 261891 35245
Chincholi 1569 223646 113309 110337 206502 17144
Chittapur 1765 366802 186390 180412 238532 12870
Gulbarga 1730 675679 348665 327014 245414 430265
Jewargi 1822 235254 119598 115656 216075 19179
Sedam 1025 196154 97709 98445 156026 40128
District 10951 2174742 1110442 1064300 1485176 574166

Taluka % of Urban Population Sex Ratio Density
Afzalpur 10.7 946 116
Aland 11.9 952 150
Chincholi 7.7 974 121
Chittapur 35 968 175
Gulbarga 63.7 938 303
Jewargi 8.2 967 104
Sedam 20.5 1008 159
DISTRICT 157.7 6753 1128

SC and ST Population

Gulbarga district has a sizable part of Scheduled Caste Population. It is 23% of the total population of the district. It is ranked 3rd in the state in respect of this next to Kolar and Chamraj nagar. In absolute numbers, the position of the district (7,17,595) is next toBangalore Urban (8,51,047). The SC and ST population forms 22.9 and 4.9 percent of total population respectively.

Within the district the C.C population is concentrated in the talukas of Chincholi (33.2) Chittapur (29.3) and Sedam(25.8). It is lowest in Afzalpur taluka i.e, 17.8 percent. The proportion of SC population to total population has declined from 23.6% to 22.9 percent between 1991-2001. The decline follows mainly from four talukas i.e., Yadgir (24% to 22.3%) Gulbarga (21.4% to 20.4%) Afzalpur (18.6% to 17.8%) and Shorapur (18.9% to 18.2%).

The proportion of ST population in district population has increased marginally from 4% to 49%. The total ST population of the district as per 2001 census is 154195. It was 106935 in 1991. The growth rate per annum is 4.4%.

Table - 11

Population of Scheduled Castes and Schedule Tribes 2001

SI.No Taluka Scheduled Castes Schedule Tribes
Total Rural Urban Proportion to total population (percent) Total Rural Urban Proportion to total population (percent)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 Afzalpur 32103 28607 3496 17.82 3720 3667 53 2.06
2 Aland 67652 63682 3970 22.77 6194 6035 159 2.08
3 Chincholi 74337 70023 4314 33.23 5153 4917 236 2.3
4 Chittapur 107506 66845 40661 29.3 5789 4560 1229 15.78
5 Gulbarga 138047 73669 64378 20.43 9986 5335 4651 14.78
6 Jewargi 46806 43240 3566 19.89 11221 10454 767 4.76
7 Sedam 50686 42248 8438 25.83 5072 4129 943 2.58
  TOTAL 517137 388314 128823 169.27 47135 39097 8038 44.34

Table - 12

Literacy Rate- Scheduled Caste

SI.No Talukas Total Rural Urban
Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
1 Afzalpur 45.7 24.4 35.4 45.07 23.43 34.59 51.04 32.21 42.14
2 Aland 46.8 25.1 36.3 46.12 24.43 35.53 57.14 37.06 47.78
3 Chincholi 41 20 30.8 44.12 23.65 34.31 66.23 46.31 56.74
4 Chittapur 43 24.84 34.08 39.3 19.2 29.75 56.7 35 47.19
5 Gulbarga 54.7 34.1 44.8 28.9 13.98 21.47 51.47 30.15 41.14
6 Jewargi 36.8 18 27.5 35.38 18.66 27.15 55.48 35.08 45.5
7 Sedam 32.8 16.6 24.7 35.4 16.88 26.27 53.04 30.95 42.54
  TOTAL 300.8 163.04 233.58 274.29 140.23 209.07 391.1 246.76 323.03

Table - 13

Literacy Rate- Scheduled Tribes

Sl.No. Talukas Male Female Total Rural Urban
1 Afzalpur 48.4 28.6 39 39 39.6
2 Aland 46.8 25.2 36.4 36.2 42.1
3 Chincholi 50.2 27.3 39 38.6 47
4 Chittapur 38.4 19.9 29.4 24.6 47.1
5 Gulbarga 55.2 35.9 45.9 33 60.7
6 Jewargi 37 15.7 26.5 25.6 38.4
7 Sedam 34.5 17 25.6 24 32.2
  TOTAL 310.5 169.6 241.8 221 307.1

1.8. Social Indicators

The basic social indicators are presented in the following table. The help us to understand the general conditions of the people, there literacy levels and other Gender related issues. High proportion of agricultural labourers and non workers as well as the SC / ST population indicates high incidence of poverty in the district.

Table - 14

Social Indicators of the District

Name of the taluka Population Sex Ratio Proportion of agricultural labourers to total workers Proportion of SC/ST population Proportion of non workers Literacy
  2001 2001 1991 2001 1991 2001 1991 2001 1991 2001
Afzalpur 180071 946 53.86 48.27 20.6 19.89 56.1 57.31 37.62 51.67
Aland 297136 952 50.34 50.39 27.1 24.85 54 48.63 39.12 53.79
Chincholi 223646 974 47.42 47.52 35.7 35.54 51.3 49.91 33.41 49.38
Chittapur 366802 968 36.33 30.48 31.4 30.88 59.8 61.49 38.72 50.25
Gulbarga 675679 938 25.57 22.85 23.1 21.9 67.5 67.04 57.33 67.46
Jewargi 235254 967 49.13 52.45 26.6 24.66 56.7 53.71 32.85 44.26
Sedam 196154 1008 35.71 39.5 25.4 28.42 52.4 53.42 34.5 45.23
District 2174742 6753 298.36 291.46 189.9 186.14 397.8 391.51 273.55 362.04

Table - 15

Literacy & Education

No Taluka Growth in literacy 1961 to 2001 (percent)
Total literacy rate Growth in literacy
1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 1961-71 1971-81 1981-91 1991-01 1961-01
1 Afzalpur 9.2 16 23.7 37.62 51.67 73.91 48.13 58.73 37.34 461.63
2 Aland 14.23 18.2 24.8 39.12 53.79 27.89 36.26 57.74 37.5 278
3 Chincholi 14.45 16.8 21.3 33.41 49.38 16.26 26.78 56.85 47.8 241.73
4 Chittapur 13.06 18.8 25.46 38.72 50.25 43.95 35.42 52.08 29.77 284.76
5 Gulbarga 24.8 31 38.65 57.33 67.46 25.01 24.67 48.33 17.66 172.01
6 Jewargi 9.8 15.2 20.87 32.85 44.26 55.11 37.3 57.4 34.73 351.63
7 Sedam 13.7 15.7 21.67 34.5 45.23 14.59 38.02 59.2 31.1 230.14
TOTAL 99.24 131.7 176.45 273.55 362.04 256.72 246.58 390.33 235.9 2019.9

1.9. Employment.

Table - 16

Work participate rate: proportion of workers (main and marginal workers) to total population ( rural +urban)

SI.No Taluka  
Total Workers Male Female
1991 2001 1991 2001 1991 2001
1 Afzalpur 43.83 42.68 51.61 51.5 35.6 33.4
2 Aland 45.98 51.36 47 56.1 38.45 46.4
3 Chincholi 48.6 50.08 53.26 53.8 43.83 46.2
4 Chittapur 40.2 38.5 39.61 48.8 27.23 27.9
5 Gulbarga 32.49 32.95 20.7 45.5 16.16 19.5
6 Jewargi 48.3 46.28 52.92 51.3 43.6 41.1
7 Sedam 47.57 46.58 48.61 53.2 37.55 40
  TOTAL 306.97 308.43 313.71 360.2 242.42 254.5

Table - 17

Growth of Main Workers 1991-2001

SI.No Taluka Main workers 2001 Main workers 1991 Decadal growth in main workers (1991-2001)
Persons Male Female Persons Male Female Persons Male Female
1 Afzalpur 54890 40251 14639 61858 39818 22040 0 0 0
2 Aland 106212 71457 34755 113536 68530 45006 -6.45 4.27 -2.28
3 Chincholi 80993 53341 27652 86337 50794 35543 0 0 0
4 Chittapur 113667 80839 32828 116123 78789 37334 -2.11 2.6 -12.06
5 Gulbarga 182003 142050 39953 164428 120522 43906 10.68 17.86 -10.36
6 Jewargi 78852 53540 25312 82837 50048 32789 0 0 0
7 Sedam 66359 45668 20691 71106 45129 25977 -6.67 1.19 -20.3
  TOTAL 682976 487146 195830 696225 453630 242595 -4.55 25.92 -45

1.10. Occupational Structure.

The district economy is mainly an agricultural economy as agriculture contributes 31.7% of district income and provides employment to 67% of the population. (A large part of the land is under dry land cultivation as the area under irrigation is only 18.8 percent of the net area sown).

Table - 18

Occupational pattern of the workforce (Main workers%)

Census Year Cultivators Agricultural labourers Household industry Other Workers Total
1961 45.55 26.44 9.21 18.8 100
1971 34.13 36.55 4.4 24.92 100
1981 36.78 43.95 2.66 16.61 100
1991 35.19 50.15 2.06 12.6 100
2001 27.1 40 2.5 30.4 100

The occupational structure is stagnant over the time period. The proportion of population engaged in agriculture has increased from 70% in 1961 to 75% during 1981-91 and has fallen down to 67% in 2001. The other trend observed is the percentage of agricultural laborers was increasing till 1991. It has increased from 26.44% in 1961 to 40.1% in 1991 but has come down to 39.96% in 2001. Though the share of tertiary sector in district income has increased from 36.6 in 1991 to 45.2 percent in 2001-02 but its share in employment has increased from 12.6 to 30.4% in 2001 during the same period. Thus a trend of employment generation in service sector is set in post 1991 period.

Table - 19

Distribution of Land Holding in the district

  Number Percentage Area Percentage
Marginal 112331 20.46 13463 1
 
Holding
Small holdings 191271 34.86 281868 20.93
Semi Medium 158492 28.87 435718 32.36
Medium 73750 13.45 435001 32.32
Large 12956 2.36 180220 13.39
 Total 548808 100 1346270 100

The distribution of land holdings indicates the domination of semi medium holdings. They form 28.87 percent of total holdings and cover an area of 32.36 percent.

Table - 20

Land under Cultivation

Taluka Net area sown Area sown more than once Total cropped area Area under Food grains
Afzalpur 105000 11000 116000 84926
Aland 128354 3800 166354 115484
Chincholi 100724 23416 124140 104319
Chittapur 124944 15000 139944 131719
Gulbarga 127695 19510 147205 116151
Jewargi 164017 24451 188468 133700
Sedam 81850 13517 95367 88854
District 832584 110694 977478 775153

1.12. Cropping Pattern

The cropping pattern is mainly dominated by food crops. Tur is the main crop produced in the district. The district is called as Tur Bowl of the state. Jawar is the other main food crop Sunflower and Groundnut are the major oilseeds which occupy the area of 1783870 and 59047 respectively.

Table - 21

Area under Principal Crops Cereals (in Ha)

 Taluka   Paddy Jowar Bajra Maize Wheat Other cereals & Minor Millets Total Cereals & Minor Millets
 Afzalpur 71 26645 6105 440 3255 14 36530
 Aland 651 30190 11172 564 3542 2 46121
 Chincholi 225 22267 1314 72 139 15 24032
 Chittapur 632 25690 3232 43 680 13 30290
 Gulbarga 585 33753 8455 245 1829 27 44894
 Jewargi 2894 37410 6320 346 4894 13 51877
 Sedam 1105 19941 408 0 185 3 21642
DISTRICT 6163 195896 37006 1710 14524 87 255386

Table - 22

Area under Pulses

Taluka Gram Tur Other Total
 
Pulses
Afzalpur 12140 32123 4133 48396
Aland 8117 39995 21251 69363
Chincholi 12784 40816 26687 80287
Chittapur 32285 54803 14341 101429
Gulbarga 11624 50307 9326 71257
Jewargi 13642 58615 9566 81823
Sedam 15857 30553 20802 67212
District 106449 307212 106106 519767

Table - 23

Area under Oliseeds

Taluka Groundnut Sunflower Oilseeds Other Pulses
Afzalpur 2701 23163 3268 29132
Aland 898 39171 10213 50282
Chincholi 57 285 3016 3358
Chittapur 290 4902 3657 8849
Gulbarga 512 18846 6524 25882
Jewargi 8528 29108 2732 40368
Sedam 756 3041 1935 5732
DISTRICT 13742 118516 31345 163603

1.13. Commercial Crops

Sugarcane and cotton are the two commercial crops produced in the district. But the area under these crops is very less.

Table - 24

Area under Commercial Crops

Taluka Sugarcane  Cotton
Afzalpur 3057 615
Aland 1236 --
Chincholi 1740 121
Chittapur 40 88
Gulbarga 527 3
Jewargi 200 4046
Sedam 31 --
DISTRICT 6831 4873

Table - 25

Agricultural Production during X plan.

SI.No Crops Production in Lakh tones ( Cotton – Lakh bales)
2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Average
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 Total Cereals 4.235 4.742 3.816 5.34 3.903 4.407
2 Total Pulses 2.516 2.576 2.52 2.781 1.512 2.381
  Total Foodgrains 6.751 7.318 6.336 8.121 5.415 6.788
3 Total Oilseeds 0.188 0.664 0.197 0.22 0.223 0.298
4 Commercial Crops            
  I) Cotton 0.041 0.0134 0.097 0.035 0.0133 0.0398
  II) Sugarcane 7.63 7.105 8.68 14.44 9.941

1.14. Animal Husbandry

The livestock population of the district (as per the 2003 census)

Cattle       819620
819620 224109
Sheep   459515
Goats   562104  
Poultry     733497
Others 152560
Total  2951405

The district has got 300 Veterinary Institutions to implement various programs for promotion of animal husbandry.

1. Veterinary Hospitals 15
2. Veterinary Dispensaries 129
3. Primary veterinary Centers  115
4. Artificial Insemination Centers  21
5. Sheep & Wool Development Centers         8
6. Mobile Vety Clinic                                        10
7. Canine Rabies control Unit                         01
8. Pulloram disease Control Unit 01
TOTAL 300

Table - 26

Milk Production.

Year Milk production In 1000 tonnes Procurement (after Local consumption) In 1000 tonnes
2002-03 214 2.657
2003-04 205 2.834
2004-05 209 3.431
2005-06 216 4.245
2006-07 219 5.91

1.15. Horticulture

Table - 27

Area under Horticulture Crops.

 Taluka Fruits Vegetables
Afzalpur 916 712
Aland 676 1874
Chincholi 470 176
Chittapur 98 313
Gulbarga 552 1129
Jewargi 333 262
Sedam 216 112
DISTRICT 3261 4578

1.16. Industries and Employment.

The total number of registered factories is 113 and the employment is 8985.

Table - 28

Factories and Employment

  Textiles Chemical Engineering Others Total Employment
Afzalpur --- 1 --- 1 2 3000
Aland 1 --- 1 2 4 400
Chincholi --- --- 1 --- 1 50
Chittapur --- --- 4 4 8 300
Gulbarga --- 3 9 47 59 3000
Jewargi --- --- 1 --- 1 50
Sedam --- --- --- 3 3 1500
District 1 4 16 57 78 8300

The small scale industries are developed in Automobiles, Electrical and Electronics and food and intoxicants.

Table - 29

Employment in Small Scale Industry

  Automobiles Electrical & Electronics Food & Intoxicants
Taluka Numer Workers Number Workers Number Workers
Afzalpur 10 20 --- --- 4 24
Aland 15 30 0 0 2 8
Chincholi 9 18 0 0 3 12
Chittapur 19 38 0 0 5 20
Gulbarga 36 176 8 40 25 178
Jewargi 2 4 0 0 1 6
Sedam 4 8 0 0 2 16
DISTRICT 95 294 8 40 42 264